"Für Elise" is a famous composition of Ludwig van Beethoven from 1810. It was published in 1867, after 40 years from the death of the composer. The piece is also known as the "Bagatelle in A minor"
There isn’t exact information about the identity of "Elise". Max Unger suggested that the title could have been transcribed incorrectly and the original could have been "Für Therese" (Therese Malfatti von Rohrenbach zu Dezza ).
Therese was a friend and student of Beethoven's. The composer proposed her in 1810, but she married Wilhelm von Droßdik six years later.
Others consider that the song was written for the German opera singer Elisabeth Röckel, friend of Beethoven's since 1808, and "Elise" was nothing but a nickname the composer attributes her.
Whoever Elise would be, it is lightly understood that, she was a woman or a love he felt and this inspired Ludwig van Beethoven to write the song.
The piece became the best known melody he had ever written and also a mysterious piece. The piano sheet music for "Für Elise" is composed in the original key of A minor.
The beginning of "Fur Elise" alternates the A minor with E major, then it comes a brief part with C major and G major. The piece is in simple triple time (3/8). It is written in rondo form. It then moves into a brief section based around C major and G major.
The tempo of the piano sheet music of "Für Elise" is marked as Poco Moto, and it can be translated as "little motion".
The song "Für Elise" has an awesome sheet music for piano and is ranged to 6 octaves.The texture is relative thin with a little accompaniment. The piece has a great harmony.
"Für Elise" piano scores are available here. Everyone who likes the piece can learn to play anytime. Also the melody is loved by most of the piano players and it seems like the song is a reference for them when it comes to favorite pieces.
Maybe for some of them it is because they can relate to the song.